Alpaca Facts and FAQ’s

Here at Alpaca Meadows, we’re passionate about these gentle and fascinating animals. Whether you’re curious about their care, behavior, or simply want to learn more about alpacas as pets or livestock, you’ve come to the right place. Below, you’ll find answers to common questions about alpacas, designed to help you understand and appreciate these unique creatures better. If you have any specific inquiries not covered here, feel free to reach out to us. Happy reading!


Alpaca Care and Behavior

Q: What do alpacas eat?

A: Alpacas primarily eat grass, hay, and specially formulated alpaca pellets. They also enjoy fresh vegetables and fruits as occasional treats.

Q: How do I care for an alpaca?

A: Alpacas require regular feeding, fresh water, and annual shearing. They need a clean, safe shelter and space to graze. Regular health check-ups and vaccinations are also essential.

Q: How much space does it take to raise an alpaca?

A: Alpacas require less pasture and food than other livestock, but stocking density is crucial for their health. Ensure you have enough pasture, reliable food and water access, and adequate shelter. Consult local agricultural authorities and breeders for specific recommendations for your area.

how much space do alpacas require

Q: What do I need by way of shelter and fencing?

A: Shelter requirements for alpacas depend on the local weather and predators. Generally, alpacas need at least a three-sided open shelter to escape from the summer heat and winter winds and snow. They prefer good ventilation, and large overhangs outside the shelter are often more utilized than enclosed barns.

Fencing should be designed based on the threat of local predators. Ensure fence openings are the appropriate size to prevent alpacas from entangling their necks and limbs.

Q: Are alpacas clean animals?

A: Yes, alpacas are much cleaner than most livestock. They have a minimal aroma and attract fewer flies in the summertime compared to other animals. Alpacas often defecate in communal dung piles, usually having three or four areas in a pasture. This behavior makes cleanup easier, reduces the opportunity for parasites, and improves overall hygiene in the herd.

Q: Are alpacas friendly?

A: Yes, alpacas are generally friendly and curious animals. While they may be shy initially, they often become quite affectionate once they get to know you.

are alpacas friendly?

Q: Can alpacas live alone?

A: No, alpacas are herd animals and thrive in groups. It’s best to have at least two alpacas to keep each other company and reduce stress.


Alpaca Characteristics and Traits

Q: How much do alpacas weigh?

A: Alpacas typically weigh between 100 to 200 pounds as adults, with the ideal weight ranging from 105 to 185 pounds. At birth, alpacas usually weigh between 8 to 23 pounds.

Q: How long do alpacas live?

A: Alpacas have a lifespan of about 15-20 years with proper care.

Q: How long are alpacas pregnant?

Alpacas are pregnant for approximately 11.5 months, which is about 335 days on average.

Q: What is the difference between an alpaca and a llama?

A: Alpacas are generally smaller than llamas and have finer, softer wool. Llamas are larger, with coarser wool, and are often used as pack animals due to their size and strength.

what's the difference between alpacas and llamas


Q: How often are alpacas sheared?

A: Alpacas should be sheared once a year, typically in the spring, to prevent overheating and to collect their valuable fiber.

Q: What are crias?

A: Crias are baby alpacas. They are usually weaned at around 6 months of age and are incredibly cute and playful.

what are crias?

Alpaca Behavior and Interaction

Q: How do alpacas communicate?

A: Alpacas communicate through body language, vocalizations, and ear positions. Humming is a common sound, while clucking, snorting, and other noises convey different messages.

Q: Are alpacas smart?

A: Yes, alpacas are intelligent and highly trainable animals. They can learn commands, hand signals, and tricks.

Q: Can you train an alpaca?

A: Yes, alpacas can be trained to follow simple commands and walk on a lead. They respond well to gentle, consistent training methods.

Q: How do alpacas communicate?

A: Alpacas communicate through body language, vocalizations, and ear positions. Humming is a common sound, while clucking, snorting, and other noises convey different messages.

Q: Do alpacas spit?

A: Yes, alpacas can spit, but they usually do so to establish dominance within the herd or when they feel threatened. They rarely spit at humans unless provoked.

Q: Do alpacas make good pets?

A: Alpacas are docile, social creatures that are intelligent, trainable, and quirky, making them excellent pets. However, it’s important to remember that alpacas are herd animals and considered livestock. They thrive in a farming environment and need the company of other alpacas to be truly happy and healthy.

Q: Are alpacas good with children?

A: Yes, alpacas are generally gentle and can be good with children. However, it’s important to supervise interactions to ensure the safety of both the children and the alpacas.

are alpacas good with children

Q: Do alpacas bite?

A: Alpacas are gentle animals and are not known to bite people.


Alpaca and Livestock Management

Q: What kind of fencing do alpacas need?

A: Alpacas need secure fencing that is at least 4-5 feet high. Woven wire fencing with no sharp edges is ideal to prevent injury and keep predators out.

Q: Can alpacas live with other animals?

A: Generally, alpacas do not thrive when housed with other animals. While they can share a fence line, it’s best not to keep alpacas and other livestock in the same barn, fencing, or pasture area. Parasites and behavioral issues can arise, making it challenging to maintain the health of your alpacas.

Q: What health issues do alpacas face?

A: Common health issues include parasites, dental problems, and nutritional deficiencies. Regular vet check-ups and a proper diet can help prevent many of these issues.


More Alpaca Information

Q: What do you do with alpacas?

A: Alpacas are primarily raised for their soft, luxurious fleece, yielding five to ten pounds per animal annually. This fleece, comparable to cashmere, is used for making yarn, apparel, tapestries, and blankets due to its fineness, softness, light weight, durability, thermal qualities, and luster.

Alpaca farmers often develop various business models. Some focus on breeding and selling high-quality breeding animals, while others concentrate on raising alpacas for their fleece to sell or process. Some farmers create and sell hand-crafted products from alpaca fleece. Additionally, many engage in agritourism by offering farm stays, tours, and events that include educational components about alpacas.

Owners are encouraged to develop and regularly update a business plan.

Q: What about the fleece of alpacas?

A: Alpaca fleece, known for its hypoallergenic properties and lack of lanolin compared to sheep’s wool, requires minimal cleaning before spinning. It is prized for its silky feel and excellent “handle,” making it highly sought-after by both cottage-industry artists (like hand spinners, knitters, and weavers) and the commercial fashion industry.

Alpaca fleece comes in a variety of natural colors, including sixteen officially recognized shades such as white, beige, fawn, brown, black, and grey, with many subtle variations. Colors like white, light fawn, and light grey can easily be dyed, offering a wide range of hues for fiber artists. Blending alpaca fleece with other fine fibers such as merino wool, cashmere, mohair, silk, or angora creates unique and interesting fiber blends.

Q: What is alpaca fleece grading?

A: Alpaca fleece is graded based on fiber diameter, length, and uniformity. The finest grades, such as Royal Baby and Baby Alpaca, are used for high-end garments and textiles.

alpacas under shade tree

Starting an alpaca farm involves planning for land, shelter, feeding, healthcare, and breeding. Research thoroughly, visit existing farms, and consult with alpaca breeders and veterinarians. The Learning Center on Alpacas of America website has lots of helpful information.

Find more information on the What Are Alpacas? and the Fiber Facts page on our website.  Be sure to meet The Alpacas that live at Alpaca Meadows, see our Alpaca Photo Gallery, then shop in our Online Store.